|Location||639 Exchange Street |
Attica, New York
|Managed by||New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision|
|Warden||Joseph H. Noeth (2022)|
Attica Correctional Facility is a maximum security campus New York State prison in the Town of Attica, New York, operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. It was constructed in the 1930s in response to earlier riots within the New York state prisons.
A CS gas system (chlorobenzylidine malononitrile) installed in the mess hall and industry areas has been used to quell conflicts in these areas. The prison now holds numerous inmates who are serving various types of sentences (short-term to life). They are often sent to this facility because of disciplinary problems in other facilities. The prison is a maximum security facility.
Attica was the site of a prison uprising in September 1971 in which inmates took control of the prison for several days. They were seeking to negotiate to improve conditions and treatment at the overcrowded prison. The state's suppression of the uprising resulted in 43 deaths, of which law enforcement gunfire killed 9 hostage correctional officers and civilian employees, and 30 prisoners. One guard died of injuries sustained from inmates in the first day of the uprising. Three inmates were killed by other prisoners the day law enforcement retook the prison.
- David Berkowitz, better known as Son of Sam, serial killer who confessed to killing six people and wounding several others in New York City during the late 1970s. Since becoming a Christian, Berkowitz has said that he should pay for the sins he has committed and will not seek parole. Berkowitz is now housed at Shawangunk Correctional Facility.
- H. Rap Brown, Black Panther Party leader, served a sentence in Attica from 1971 to 1976.
- Jimmy Caci, a captain in the Los Angeles crime family, served eight years in Attica during the 1970s for armed robbery.
- Mark David Chapman pleaded guilty to murdering John Lennon in 1980. Chapman was sentenced to 20 years-to-life and has been denied parole twelve times amid campaigns against his release. He is now housed at Green Haven Correctional Facility.
- Joseph Christopher, a serial killer who committed murders in the early 1980s in Buffalo, Manhattan, and Rochester. He was held in Attica in 1985. He died March 1, 1993.
- Edward Cummiskey, Westies hitman during the 1970s.
- Valentino Dixon was exonerated and released in 2018, after 27 years of incarceration, after another man confessed to the murder for which Dixon was convicted.
- Dean Faiello, unlicensed physician who was convicted of the manslaughter of banker Maria Cruz in 2003.
- Colin Ferguson, who murdered six people in 1993 on the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) in a racist attack. Ferguson was sentenced to multiple life sentences; as of 2010, he is housed at Upstate Correctional Facility.
- Kendall Francois murdered eight women and stored their bodies in his home in Poughkeepsie, New York. Serving a life sentence without parole, he died in September 2014.
- Joe Gallo of the Colombo crime family spent nine years in Attica for attempted extortion.
- Sam Melville, notorious as "mad bomber" in 1960s. He was among 30 prisoners killed by New York State Police and other law enforcement, in addition to 10 hostages, in their suppression of the Attica Prison uprising on September 13, 1971.
- El Sayyid Nosair, 1993 World Trade Center bombing terrorist was housed in Attica for a short period related to the 1990 assassination of Meir Kahane.
- Ralph "Bucky" Phillips, convicted murderer, was captured after one of the largest manhunts in New York state history.
- Joseph 'Mad Dog' Sullivan, a mobster and the only man who has ever escaped the prison.
- Joel Rifkin, serial killer, was held here for more than four years in solitary confinement before being transferred to the Clinton Correctional Facility in Clinton County.
- Willie Sutton, robbed 100 banks from the late 1920s to 1952.
- David Sweat, killed a Broome County deputy sheriff in 2002 and escaped from Clinton Correctional Facility in 2015; was captured and transferred to Attica in 2017.
- Thompson, Heather Ann (August 23, 2016). BLOOD in the WATER : The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and Its Legacy (Vintage Books ed.). New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 9780375423222.
- Robbins, Tom; D’Avolio, Lauren (March 2, 2015). "3 Attica Guards Resign in Deal to Avoid Jail". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- "Attica Correctional Facility" (PDF). Correctional Association of New York. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2018. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- "Facility Listing Archived September 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine." New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. Retrieved on July 2, 2010. "Attica Correctional Facility 639 Exchange St Attica, New York 14011-0149."
- "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Attica town, NY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
Attica Corr Facility
- "Attica Correctional Facility | prison, Attica, New York, United States | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- See Attica Prison riot
- "Attica Correctional Facility". Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- "Encore Presentation: Interview With David Berkowitz". Larry King Weekend (Interview transcript). CNN. 2002. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "The Many Lives of H. Rap Brown". Time.
- "MAFIA BASE SEEN SHIFTING UPSTATE". May 6, 1973 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Mark David Chapman Custody Record". Commission of Correction. March 3, 2023. Retrieved March 3, 2023.
- "This serial killer left a trail of dead black men from Buffalo to New York City". December 20, 2017.
- Quirk, Rory (March 29, 1990). "THE GUTS GORE OF AN IRISH GANG". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- "Valentino Dixon". Valentino Dixon.
- "How Golf Digest and College Students Helped Free a Man Convicted of Murder". NY Times. September 20, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- "NY Inmate-Artist Freed After Being Cleared of 1991 Slaying". NY Times. Associated Press. September 19, 2018.
- "'Fake doctor' Dean Faiello sheds light on botched procedure that left woman dead nearly 20 years ago". ABC7 Chicago. December 9, 2022.
- "FINDING STRENGTH AFTER LIRR TRAGEDY Ten years ago, a maniac on a commuter train killed 6, wounded 19 and changed untold lives". New York Daily News. October 28, 2010. Archived from the original on October 28, 2010.
- Ferro, John. "Serial killer Kendall Francois dies in prison; victims' families react to death". Poughkeepsie Journal.
- "Mob boss Joe Gallo (Crazy Joe) is killed while celebrating his birthday at a Little Italy restaurant in 1972". New York Daily News.
- See Attica, The Official Report of the NYS Special Commission on Attica(1972); A Time To Die, (1972), by Tom Wicker, New York Times editor and columnist, on the observer committee
- Herbeck, Dan. "OFFICIALS SAY NOSAIR PLANNED ATTICA ESCAPE INMATE TIED TO TRADE CENTER PROBE". Buffalo News.
- "Upstate prison held five notorious WNY killers". Buffalo News.
- "Joseph Sullivan Biography" Retrieved on March 26, 2016.
- Nolasco, Stephanie (April 10, 2021). "Serial killer Joel Rifkin 'never expressed any remorse' for his crimes, spoke of his killings calmly: doc". Fox News.
- "Bank robber's legacy, Willie Sutton didn't snitch, kill...or stay in prison". New York Daily News.
- Tampone, Kevin (March 23, 2018). "David Sweat busted for sex act during prison visiting hours". newyorkupstate.